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Exploring the impending water crisis in Iran!

From the 7th to 16th of March, the ITT and University of Bonn conducted a joint excursion to Iran with a team of 23 members, supervised by both institutes. The undertaking was  supported by the Centers for Natural Resources and Development (CNRD) and the International office of TH Köln. The Iran excursion ranged from the capital city Tehran to Yazd through Kashan.

The aim of the excursion was to investigate the impending water crisis and inspect the role of the agriculture sector in a country that has witnessed severe water crisis coupled with extreme weather events, and is currently attempting to plan and implement a strategy to solve it with the help of international organizations. In addition, the excursion was an ambitious exploration of a civilization and how events, people, institutions; ideology and religion, economy and society, cultural identity and heritage, are shaped throughout history.

The week was kicked off with a workshop at the Shahid Beheshti University in Tehran. Here the students were presented with an overview of the current water and environmental situation in Iran. Furthermore, the workshop offered insights into Value Engineering and how to optimize process’s value in terms of cost, quality, and performance.

In the following days, the excursion team visited the Museum of Water as well as the Fin Garden in Kashan, where the team learned about the ingenious Persian water-delivery systems employed throughout Iran to support settlements and civilizations in desert areas with an arid climate. Subsequenty the expedition group visited the Art and Architecture School in Yazd, where they gained valuable input on historical adapation methods to the hot climate, as seen in the traditional Persian architectural element to create natural ventilation in buildings, called windtower (wind catcher).

In order to check the main water consumption in the agriculture sector, the group headed to the biggest Pistachio farm area in Iran, where they examined the depleted aquifers and the solution implemented by the farmers to keep the running business albeit the natural limitation and the amplifying salinity.      

300 years old Pistachio farm business through generation

Model of Qanat system in Yazd City (Photo:Shahed)

A group photo in The Persian Garden

After the workshop at the Shahid Beheshti University

Workshop on Value Engineering at the Shahid Beheshti University

Qanat system for garden Irrigation (Photo: Karim)


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